Global chicken consumption is growing each year, so to keep up with demand, and so companies farming chickens for meat have significantly speed up the growing process. Around 51.4 billion chickens are artificially hatched, fattened up and slaughtered as 25-30 day-old babies every year globally.
The most important concerns about the poultry industry are as follows.
- What is the Genetics and History behind Broiler Chicken?
- How the Broiler Chicken Gains weight of about 2kg in just 20-30 days?
- Why Broiler Chicken Gain so Much Weight, Where the Normal chicken Don’t?
- What are the ingredients of Poultry Feed ??
- Is Chicken safe for health?
What is the Genetics and History behind Broiler Chicken?
Chickens bred for meat are arguably the most genetically manipulated of all animals, forced to grow 65 times faster than their bodies normally would, and the industry continually seeks to increase their growth rate.
This first attempt at a meat crossbreed was introduced in the 1930s and became dominant in the 1960s. The original crossbreed was troubled by problems of low fertility, slow growth, and disease susceptibility.
Modern commercial broilers, for example, Cornish crosses and Cornish-Rocks are artificially selected and bred for large-scale, efficient meat production.
They are noted for having very fast growth rates, a high feed conversion ratio, and low levels of activity. Modern commercial broilers are bred to reach a slaughter-weight of about 2 kg in only 35 to 49 days.
As a consequence, the behavior and physiology of broilers reared for meat are those of immature birds, rather than adults.
How the Broiler Chicken Gains weight of about 2kg in just 20-30 days?
Chickens are omnivores and modern broilers are given access to a special diet of high protein feed, usually delivered via an automated feeding system. This is combined with artificial lighting conditions to stimulate eating and growth and thus the desired body weight.
Artificial selection has led to a great increase in the speed with which broilers develop and reach slaughter-weight. The time required to reach 1.5 kg live-weight decreased from 120 days to 30 days between 1925 and 2005. Selection for fast early growth-rate, and feeding and management procedures to support such growth, have led to various problems in modern broiler strains.
Why Broiler Chicken Gain so Much Weight, Where the Normal chicken Don’t?
In poultry, the products produced consist mainly of protein. On a dry weight basis, the carcass of an 8 weeks old broiler is more than 65% protein and the egg contents are about 50% protein. Typical broiler rations will contain from 22 to 24% protein and in layers ration the amount varies between 16-17%
What are the Ingredients of Poultry feed?.
Source: Meat scraps (lysine), fish meal (lysine, methionine), poultry by-product meal (tryptophan, lysine), blood meal, liver and glandular meal, feather meal (hydrolyzed), animal tankage, milk products, cottonseed meal, peanut meal, soybean meal, sesame meal, sunflower seed meal.
What are the Fatal Diseases of Broiler Chicken in Short Life span?
Selection and husbandry for very fast growth mean there is a genetically induced mismatch between the energy-supplying organs of the broiler and its energy-consuming organs. Rapid growth can lead to metabolic disorders such as sudden death syndrome (SDS)
- SDS is an acute heart failure disease that affects mainly male fast-growing broilers which appear to be in good condition. Affected birds suddenly start to flap their wings, lose their balance, sometimes cry out and then fall on their backs or sides and die, usually all within a minute
- Ascites are characterized by hypertrophy and dilatation of the heart, changes in liver function, pulmonary insufficiency, hypoxemia and accumulation of large amounts of fluid in the abdominal cavity. Ascites develops gradually and the birds suffer for an extended period before they die. In the only UK, up to 19 million broilers die in their sheds from heart failure each year.
- Breeding for increased breast muscle means that the broilers’ center of gravity has moved forward and their breasts are broader compared with their ancestors, Most broilers find walking painful, as indicated by studies using analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs.
- In attempts to improve or maintain fast growth, broilers are kept under a range of lighting conditions. These include continuous light (fluorescent and incandescent), continuous darkness, or under dim light; chickens kept under these light conditions develop eye abnormalities.
- The litter in broiler pens can become highly polluted from the nitrogenous feces of the birds and produce ammonia. Ammonia has been shown to cause increased susceptibility to disease and other health-related problems.
- The respiratory epithelium in birds is damaged by ammonia concentrations in the air exceeding 75 parts per million (ppm). Ammonia concentrations at 25 to 50 ppm induce eye lesions in broiler chicks after seven days of exposure.
After mentioning all these facts, One can easily conclude that the consumption of Poultry food is highly suspicious,
- The words which originally describe the Broiler Chicken are GMO( Genetically Modified organisms) Genetically modified Chicken are breed to gain weight with the help of Protein-rich feed.
- More than 80% of Birds survive just because of excessive use of antibiotics, which ultimately affects the consumers.
- The protein part of Poultry feed comes mainly from Animal waste, Meat scrap, fish and poultry by-products, blood from the slaughterhouses.
Every individual with an average level of intellect, will never ever, like to eat a crippled and diseased bird, unless he is forced to do so. Especially when Chicken is feed on blood and animal by-products.
The world poultry industry is playing a dangerous game, giving slow poison to the human race for the sake of profit. People should give priority to organic meat and protect themself and the people they care. JazakAllah